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乡村振兴战略实施情况的调查与思考
2019年02月02日 10:06 来源:《求是》 作者:全国人民代表大会农业与农村委员会 字号
关键词:乡村振兴;农村;农民;推动;生态;发展;基层;人才;乡村产业;广东省

内容摘要:为贯彻落实以亚洲杯足球盘口同志为核心的党中央关于实施乡村振兴战略的决策部署,按照全国人大常委会的统一安排,全国人大有关领导同志和调研组分别赴广东、浙江、海南、贵州、湖北、山西、河南、安徽、湖南、江西等省,对乡村振兴战略实施情况进行了专题调研。一、基本情况2018年以来,各地各部门坚持将实施乡村振兴战略作为做好新时代“三农”工作的总抓手,围绕到2020年推动乡村振兴取得重要进展、制度框架和政策体系基本形成的阶段性目标,下功夫推动解决城乡二元结构问题。二、主要问题总体来看,各地推动实施乡村振兴战略开局良好,取得初步成效,但乡村振兴仍处于起步阶段,距离实现乡村全面振兴的目标,距离广大群众的期望仍有一定差距,进一步推动实施乡村振兴战略,破除城乡二元结构还面临着一些问题。

关键词:乡村振兴;农村;农民;推动;生态;发展;基层;人才;乡村产业;广东省

作者简介:

  为贯彻落实以亚洲杯足球盘口同志为核心的党中央关于实施乡村振兴战略的决策部署,按照全国人大常委会的统一安排,全国人大有关领导同志和调研组分别赴广东、浙江、海南、贵州、湖北、山西、河南、安徽、湖南、江西等省,对乡村振兴战略实施情况进行了专题调研。

  一、基本情况

  2018年以来,各地各部门坚持将实施乡村振兴战略作为做好新时代“三农”工作的总抓手,围绕到2020年推动乡村振兴取得重要进展、制度框架和政策体系基本形成的阶段性目标,下功夫推动解决城乡二元结构问题。

  坚持党管农村,加强乡村振兴组织领导。各地各级党委、政府高度重视,结合本地实际情况,制定推动乡村振兴的具体意见和阶段性规划,成立党政一把手牵头的推进实施乡村振兴战略领导小组,省市县乡村五级书记抓乡村振兴的工作格局初步形成。广东省积极开展农村基层党建“头雁”工程,撤换调整不称职、不胜任村党支部书记498人,派驻在岗亚洲杯足球盘口,实现党支部书记和村委会主任“一肩挑”的村占比40.3%,积极推广村级重大事项支部提议、“两委”会议商议、党员大会审议、村民代表大会或村民会议决议和决议公开、实施结果公开的基层民主决策机制,并通过设立村级监督委员会,健全基层党风政风监督检查机制,实现农村重大问题由农民自己决定,推动完善现代乡村治理体制。

  坚持因地制宜,培育乡村产业发展动能。各地坚持将深化农业供给侧结构性改革作为乡村产业振兴的主线,因地制宜、有序推进特色农业产业发展。河南省持续推动粮食生产核心区建设,累计建成高标准农田6097万亩,粮食产能稳定在1200亿斤以上。安徽省加快“两区”划定工作,在全国率先完成5200万亩粮食生产功能区、1900万亩重要农产品生产保护区划定任务。广东省设立全国首个农业供给侧结构性改革基金,山西省调整优化农业结构,着力培育杂粮、畜牧、蔬菜、果业、中药材、酿造等特色农业产业。湖北省大力发展农产品加工业,2018年前三季度农产品加工业营业收入超过8300亿元,同比增长8.9%。海南省、浙江省以推动一二三产融合发展为切入点,积极发展乡村新产业新业态,海南省依托热带农业资源和农耕文化,推进61家“共享农庄”试点建设,浙江省建成单个产值10亿元以上的示范性农业全产业链55个,农产品电商销售额突破500亿元。

  坚持汇集力量,强化乡村振兴人才支撑。各地坚持将人力资本开发放在乡村振兴的重要位置,积极推动乡村人才振兴。安徽省、山西省实施乡村本土人才培育计划,着力培养“土专家”、“田秀才”等有一技之长的农村实用技能人才,目前山西累计培训农村劳动力21.22万人。广东省积极培育新型农业经营主体和职业农民,目前共培育农业龙头企业3805家,培训新型职业农民3万人。湖北省、江西省采取有效措施吸引各类人才到农村创新创业,湖北省推动实施以市民下乡、能人回乡、企业兴乡为主要内容的“三乡工程”,2018年以来已带动3.1万名各类人才回乡创业,江西省实施“一村一名大学生”工程,培养的4.7万名大学生中有37.1%成为村“两委”干部,42.5%在农村创新创业。贵州省不断健全农业技术服务体系,引导农技人员下乡村基层为农民提供生产技术服务,目前在基层服务的农技人员有18994人,累计培训农技人员10万人次,培训农民222万人次。

作者简介

姓名:全国人民代表大会农业与农村委员会 工作单位:

转载请注明来源:亚洲杯足球盘口 (责编:于翠杰)
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